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Roaming Profiles | NT 4.0 |



General Info, Setting Up, Windows 2000, Problems, Links

General Information

A Roaming Profile is used to preserve a user's configuration (desktop, background, etc) and present the user with an identical environment on any computer the user logs on.

This means that a user that is configured to use a roaming profile can use a computer "A", make changes to the desktop, log off computer "A", log on to another computer "B", and see the exact desktop he/she had on computer "A".

Setting up Roaming Profiles

For profiles to work, a workstation needs to Log On to a Windows NT primary domain controller (PDC) and be authenticated as a user.

...On the Server

1) Open "Windows NT Explorer", and create a folder called "Profiles" on the C: drive.

To do this, click Start, Programs, "Windows NT Explorer"

Click on the C drive to highlight it. On the top menu click, File, New, and type in the text box "Profiles"

2) Share this "Profiles" folder so that all users can access it.

To share the folder, right click on the folder name, select Sharing form the pop-up menu, click on the "Shared As" selection and click OK to close the window.

3) Change a user's profile in "User Manager for Domains" so that the "User Profile Path" points to "C:\Profiles\" (the shared folder on the server you made in step 2).

To do this, click Start, Programs, "Administrative Tools(Common)", "User Manager for Domains"

Find the user, double click on the user's name, the User Properties window will open.

Click on the "Profile" button, the "User Environment Profile" window will open.

Assuming there is a user called "TestUser", you will enter "C:\Profiles\TestUser"  in the User Profile Path for the User "TestUser"

UserEnvironmentProfile.gif (3910 bytes)

Click OK to close the window, and OK again to close the User Properties window.

Close the User Manager for Domains.

...On an NT Workstation

1) Setting up the user for roaming profiles, as shown above is enough to activate the user's roaming profile.

2) To verify this has taken place, log on to a workstation as an administrator, open the Control Panel, then the system folder, then click on the "User Profile" tab. The profiles of anyone who has previously logged on the computer will be listed on the text box "Profiles Stored on this computer"

SystemPropertiesUserProfilegif.GIF (6718 bytes)

3) If you have to, scroll the list until you find the name of the user which you want to create the roaming profile (in this example the user name is "TestUser". This user will be shown with the word "roaming" on the TYPE column.

Click on the user name to highlight it, and click the "Copy To..." button. The "Copy To..." window will open. Click the Browse button, open the Network Neighborhood, Locate the Server, Locate the "Profiles" shared folder, and click on this "Profiles" folder. (you can also just type in the path manually as ....c:\Profiles\"

(Now this part is critical...). The browse operation will only place the folder path on the "Copy Profile to..." text box. You need to add the User name to the end of it.

The browse operation will place in the "Copy profile to..." text box the path (\\ServerName\ ) and you now need to manually type in the name of the user for which you are creating the roaming profile (in this example it is TestUser). In this example if your server name is "MyServer" and the user name is TestUser then the completed entry should be as shown below.

\\MyServer\Profiles\TestUser

SystemProperties_CopyTo.gif (2974 bytes)

Click OK to close the window, and OK again to close the "Copy To..." window.

A message "The operation completed successfully" will appear. Click OK to continue. Click Cancel to close the "Copy To.." window, and OK again to close the "System Properties" window.

Profiles with Windows 2000 Workstations -

For connecting with Windows 2000 Workstations, make the following change. Instead of using the path "c:\Profiles\username" for the profile location on the server, use "\\loginserver\Profiles\username". (thanks JN)

Problems with Roaming Profiles

 

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